Sunday, November 18, 2012

Skin Types 101

Ok, so I have been wanting to do this post for awhile.

As alot of my readers know, Im a Makeup Artist. I am qualified and I am also trained in skintypes and cleansing too. Alot of people I come across ask about oily skin, dry skin and problem skin and what the best products are for your skintype.

Well here is the basic breakdown for you and what products to look for..

Normal Skin- Your skin has small to medium pores. You dont get shiney, nor flakey. Your skin reacts well to most products and seems to be able handle alot of wear and tear.

Stick to milk or lotion cleansers. Can handle any type of toner and a regular moisturiser will be fine.
Look for the word "normal skin" in the title

Oily Skin- You have larger pores. Your skin is always shiney by the end of the day and you tend to break out. You need to stick mattifying foundations and oil free powders. You can get away with scrubbing 3-4 times a week. Look for foaming or gel cleasers and for light/ oil-free moisturisers. You can also get away with alcohol in your toner (if not sensitive). Make sure that you do moisturise, otherwise your skin will freak out at the lack of moisturiser and produce more oil.

Ingredients to look for include cucumber, tea-tree oil, green tea, citrus, witch hazel (these combat shine)

Look for words like "oil-free", "mattifying", "shine free", "refreshing" or anything where it says its specifically designed for oily skin or oily/combination skin.

Dry Skin- Your skin cant seem to have enough moisturiser. Little to no shiny-ness. Sometimes flaky in extremely dry areas. Shows fine lines (or deep lines). Small pores. Look for milk or cream cleansers and medium-rich moisturisers. Can only hand a scrub 1-2 times a week.
Look for words "soothing","moisturising", "rich" etc. Usually will say for dry skin on packet.

Combination skin- Is generally either oily/normal or dry/normal... which basically means you are not an extreme case of either, but you have oily areas like your t-zone, or dry areas like your cheeks.
Its best play around with all products. You might find that a cleanser for oily skin works best with a rich moisturiser or visa versa. You might even like putting a rich moisturiser on your cheeks and a light on your t-zone. Its all trial and error really. Or look for products specifically designed for combination skin

And then there are skin conditions which affect all of the above skin types....

Sensitive skin- Can either be caused by touch or chemicals. Goes red as soon as you touch your face, or if you use a product thats too harsh or has perfumes in it.

When scrubbing, look for a gentle scrub with micro beads or oatmeal pieces.

Look for "soothing", "calming", "gentle", "sensitive". Usually see chamomile or oatmeal in the ingredients.

Mature Skin- Usually start to see the early signs of aging in your 30s with fine lines around the eyes. In your 40s and 50s you will see deeper lines in your eyes, forehead and mouth. 60s you will start to see sagging. Sunspots and liverwarts are also conditions linked to mature skin, that cause pigmentation. Oily skin is renowned for aging better than dry skin, due to the extra oil found in the skin surface.

Look for products with "ant-aging" or "mature" in the title. Usually find that serums are very big in the category and eye creams. You should start using an eye cream at 25.. as aging is inevitable.

Acne Prone Skin- Acne prone skin can mean your basic adolescent acne that disappears after highschool, to adult acne which can be an absolute pain to treat. Acne ranges from the occasional monthly breakouts, to full blown cystic acne.

Alot of companies  especially cater for acne prone skin like Clean & Clear and Clearasil. But most companies have a line designed for acne prone skin. Look for words like "acne prone", "clarifying", "purifying", "clearing".

Also look for ingredients Salicylic Acid, Benzyol Peroxide or AHA.

So my pictures below are a little out of order when I created them but it gives you some ideas of the products that are on the market for each skin type and condition. If you want specific names click on the collages below, and it will take you to the list of products. Hope this helped :)


normal skin

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